The 1959 Cadillac Eldorado Biarritz: An iconic antique car produced by Cadillac

Alexander Vargas -

The 1959 Cadillac Eldorado Biarritz: An iconic antique car produced by Cadillac

When it comes to classic cars from the 1950s Cadillac, the 1959 Cadillac Eldorado Biarritz is a luxury classic car produced by Cadillac, a division of General Motors, in the late 1950s. It belongs to the Eldorado line of Cadillac vehicles, which was known for its extravagant design and luxurious features. 

The 1959 Cadillac Eldorado Biarritz is considered a classic car and is highly sought after by collectors and enthusiasts due to its unique design, powerful performance, and historical significance in the automotive world. Here are some details about the 1959 Cadillac Eldorado Biarritz:

1. Design

The 1959 Eldorado Biarritz is famous for its eye-catching and flamboyant styling, which epitomizes the excesses of American automotive design from the late '50s. It features sharp, angular lines, large tail fins, and extensive use of chrome trim. The car is characterized by its sheer size and imposing presence on the road.

The design of the 1959 Cadillac Eldorado Biarritz is often described as extravagant, flamboyant, and iconic. Here are some key design elements that characterize this vehicle:

Tail Fins

One of the most distinctive features of the 1959 Eldorado Biarritz is its massive tail fins. These fins were inspired by the aerospace industry and were a symbol of the Space Age optimism of the era. They are tall, pointed, and extend horizontally from the rear fenders, giving the car an exaggerated and futuristic appearance.

Chrome Accents

The 1959 Eldorado Biarritz features an abundance of chrome accents throughout its exterior. The chrome trim can be found on the grille, bumpers, door handles, side mirrors, and along the body lines. This extensive use of chrome further enhances the car's luxurious and glamorous aesthetic.

Front End

The front end of the Biarritz is characterized by a wide, chrome-laden grille with horizontal bars and a prominent Cadillac emblem at the center. The quad headlights are enclosed in stylish, jet-inspired housings that give the car a distinctive and memorable face.

Convertible Top

The Biarritz model is a convertible, and its fabric top is designed to fold neatly behind the rear seats when retracted. When the top is up, it creates a sleek and seamless profile that complements the overall design of the car. Meaning it comes with a power-operated fabric top that can be lowered or raised at the touch of a button. This feature allowed passengers to enjoy the open-air driving experience that was popular during that era. 

Luxurious Interior

The interior of the 1959 Eldorado Biarritz is equally opulent, with high-quality materials, plush upholstery, and chrome accents that match the exterior design. The dashboard features a symmetrical layout with round instrument gauges and a center console that houses various controls and switches. It boasted amenities such as power windows, power seats, power steering, power brakes, and air conditioning (optional). The car was also equipped with a Wonderbar radio, which was a popular feature among Cadillac models of that era.

2. Engine and Performance

The 1959 Cadillac Eldorado Biarritz was equipped with a powerful V8 engine and offered impressive performance for its time. Here are some details about the engine and performance specifications of the 1959 Eldorado Biarritz:


The 1959 Eldorado Biarritz featured a 6.4-liter (390 cubic inch) V8 engine. This engine was part of Cadillac's high-performance engine lineup and was known for its smooth operation and ample power.


The exact horsepower rating of the 1959 Eldorado Biarritz varied depending on the configuration and any optional upgrades. The standard version of the 390 cubic inch V8 engine produced around 345 horsepower. However, it's worth noting that some sources suggest that Cadillac may have underrated the actual power output for marketing purposes, and the engine could have produced even higher horsepower.


The Eldorado Biarritz came equipped with a four-speed Hydra-Matic automatic transmission. This transmission provided smooth shifting and efficient power delivery.


Given its powerful engine, the 1959 Eldorado Biarritz offered a respectable performance for a luxury car of its time. It had good acceleration capabilities and could reach highway speeds quickly. However, it's important to note that the Eldorado Biarritz prioritized luxury and style over outright performance, so it was not designed as a sports car.

Suspension and Handling

The Eldorado Biarritz featured Cadillac's advanced suspension system, which provided a comfortable and smooth ride. The car had a well-tuned suspension that minimized body roll and provided good stability on the road.

3. Pop Culture Significance

Iconic Design

The 1959 Eldorado Biarritz is renowned for its extravagant and flamboyant design, which epitomizes the excesses of American car styling during the late '50s. Its large tail fins, chrome accents, and sleek lines have made it an instantly recognizable and iconic symbol of the era.

Status Symbol

The Eldorado Biarritz represented the epitome of luxury and prestige during its time. Owning a Cadillac Eldorado was seen as a status symbol, showcasing wealth and success. The car's opulent design and luxurious features were highly coveted, making it a sign of achievement and aspiration.

Pop Culture References

The 1959 Eldorado Biarritz has made numerous appearances in various forms of popular culture, including movies (American Graffiti-1973, True Lies-1994), music videos ( Bruce Springsteen's song Pink Cadillac, The Beach Boys' song Fun), and television shows (the animated TV show The Simpsons, the TV series Mad Men). Its striking design and association with the "jet-age" aesthetic of the 1950s have made it a popular choice for depicting the glamorous and prosperous American lifestyle of that era.

Influence on Automotive Design

The design elements of the 1959 Eldorado Biarritz, such as the tail fins and excessive use of chrome, have had a lasting impact on automotive design. It influenced subsequent Cadillac models as well as other car manufacturers, and its design cues can still be seen in modern concept cars and retro-styled vehicles.

Classic Car Collecting

The 1959 Eldorado Biarritz is highly sought after by classic car collectors and enthusiasts. Its rarity, distinctive design, and historical significance have contributed to its desirability and elevated its status as an iconic and valuable collector's car.

4. Limited Production

Cadillac limited the production of the Eldorado Biarritz to maintain its exclusivity and appeal as a luxury car. In 1959, a total of 1,320 Eldorado Biarritz convertibles were manufactured.

The limited production numbers of the 1959 Eldorado Biarritz contribute to its desirability among collectors and enthusiasts today. The rarity of this model, coupled with its iconic design and historical significance, increases its value and makes it a sought-after classic car.